Household Wastewater Collection Systems
We don’t concern too much about water, even it’s the 2nd most important element in our life after air, we think of water as an affordable resource as it’s available everywhere, because we live in civilized areas, but we ought to rethink about this concept.
We ought to consider water and its resources as a valuable thing, if we take a closer look on other parts of the world; we’d find other people suffer from difficulties due to water`s lack.
Modern societies tend to find solutions to problems, we like to participate and to create creative solutions, we created wastewater treatment plants, to recycle water and to reduce its usage from fresh resources, usually wastewater are collected via collection systems to go into different paths, on this article we’ll have a brief look upon these systems…
Mainly, there are two types of these systems:
Household Public systems:
Used in cities and big areas of inhabitants, these systems work to collect every wastewater from houses through sewers channels and into wastewater treatment plants, the water to be treated for a 2nd usage or to be disposed of.
These systems are often operated by local authorities or specialized companies.
Household custom / private systems:
Sometimes it’s called septic systems too, operated on a small scale, 1 system for 1 house only, or a group of houses operates a small limited system.
These systems can be bought from specialized companies, or can be designed and created due to a specific specifications depends on the usage and capacity of household(s) wastewater.
Some systems are to collect wastewater only, others have treatment function within, often used in rural areas, due to the far distance of public systems.
There are systems that depends on automatic function, they often called “automatic pumps systems” and uses electricity as a source of power.
Other systems called “Gravity fed” systems, it depends on the land descendant to the soil and designed by that theory, usually a small treatment facility is attached undersurface too.
Rain water system is one of the famous collecting systems, it usually contains of roof pipes which led to barrels on the ground, determined to collect a certain amount of rain water depends on its capacity.
Most countries demand a legal license to be obtained when building a private household wastewater collection system, to make sure its impact on the surrounding society and environment is safe.
Water treatments is variable and often made underground (subsurface), the treated water can be used on many aspects like agriculture and others, some treatments are made within the household area (place), others are treated outside the area (offsite).
If you’re a handy man, you can build your system yourself, as there`re many resources presented as a DIY (Do It Yourself) projects on this matter, these projects are less on the cost, and they can be designed with ordinary and available materials.